Adult cats comprise the largest category and can have the most diverse illnesses based on their history, diet and environment. Typical signs of problems include: vomiting, trauma, skin abscesses, decreased appetite, straining to urinate, urine marking in the house, hiding or lethargy. Adult cats are usually more resistant to viruses (due to previous vaccines) and parasites, but we see problems such as dental disease, urinary tract infections, organ disease, inflammatory bowel disease, allergies, behavioral issues, foreign bodies, ear and eye infections and much more. It is impossible to list all potential problems, so the safest course of action is to have your cat examined yearly by us and be examined at the first sign of illness.
Adult cats are often the forgotten group as we just expect them to remain healthy. However, just as adult people can become ill, so can adult cats. The best recommendation we can give is to have a regular annual vet exam for all adult cats and pay close attention to your cat’s normal behavior and activity. Frequently, the only sign of illness in a cat is a subtle change in behavior and perhaps less social interaction with more sleeping or hiding. This seems to be especially true for periodontal and urinary diseases.
Your cat’s bi-annual wellness exam is also an excellent time for you to ask us any questions or concerns you may have about your pet’s health.
Vaccinations and Parasite Control
In young animals viruses and parasites are the most common problem we encounter. The best way to protect your cat is to vaccinate early and completely. Many people don’t realize that, depending upon the cat’s age when first vaccinated; he or she will require at least one booster vaccine to actually become protected. Kittens will also commonly have worms that can potentially be infectious to children (rare) and we recommend that all young animals be treated for roundworms and hookworms to eliminate this risk. And ear mites are occasionally seen as thick clumps of brown debris in the ears. Ear mites are not infectious to people but can be transmitted to other kittens and puppies.
Core vaccines are defined by the American Animal Hospital Association and the American Association of Feline Practitioners.
Core vaccines for cats at the time of publication are as follows:
- Feline panleukopenia (FPV)
- Feline herpesvirus-1 (FHV-1)
- Feline calicivirus (FCV)
Non-core vaccine are offered based on pet's lifestyles and at a discount for Free Vaccines for Life members
Regular preventive dental care keeps your cat’s teeth and gums healthy. Dental disease can also be a problem in older cats and many will require yearly dental cleaning. All types of dental disease occur in cats, but a common one at any age is called cervical line lesions. These are little craters formed in the teeth, often at the gum line, that result in inflammation and pain. Teeth with CLLs should be extracted. We also see tooth loss and abscess formation with pronounced dental disease. And finally, some cats develop a condition of severe inflammation (Gingivitis/Stomatitis) involving their gums and oral cavity and these pets must be medicated and treated aggressively to control their discomfort.
In addition to the services provided at the hospital, we strongly recommend at-home dental care, and we can also discuss how to properly care for your cat’s teeth and gums at home.
Nutrition & Exercise
Cats have different nutritional needs during different stages of their life. Many commercial diets are fortified with additional nutrients and supplements to encourage health. In some cases, a prescription diet will be required depending on any health issues your cat may be having. During every exam we will make sure your cat has not gained a significant amount of weight as this may indicate a possible health issue. We will review your cat’s current eating habits to ensure they have a healthy, balanced diet to maintain the best health for your pet. We will also discuss play and exercise to make sure your cat is getting enough physical activity.
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